The Origin of Gold is in South Africa. In 1885 two itinerant workers discovered a surface outcrop of gold on a farm. South Africa became rich in element. Jason Kirk and his colleagues explained this by solving a 100-year-old geologic mystery. Nevada started in 1961 with the discovery of the Carlin gold mine, at a spot where the original prospectors missed the gold because it was too fine-grained to be readily seen. Most of the gold in Nevada, since the Carlin mine was put into production in 1965, has been mined from deposits within a 125-kilometer radius of the namesake town of Carlin. These “Carlin-type deposits” yield approximately 6 million ounces a year — about 8 percent of worldwide gold production. Almost halfway across the globe, river gravels in South Africa have yielded 40 percent of the gold ever mined on Earth.
The gold standard is a monetary system. A monetary system secures the proper functioning of money by regulating economic agents, transaction types, and money supply. Monetary systems are traditionally formed by the policy decisions of individual governments and administrated as a domestic economic issue. In 1800s USA had a Bimetalic System of Money, it was essentially on gold standard as very little silver was traded. In 1900 true gold standard came to an execution with the passage of the Gold Standard Act and the standard of gold came to an end in 1933 after the forbidden of private gold ownership by the President Franklin D. Roosevelt. Gold Standard foundation operates a certification scheme for Gold Standard carbon credits and it is an international non-profit organization based in Switzerland. There are more than 60 NGOs worldwide who are committed to the Gold Standard mission are called as Gold Standard Supporters.