4Cs of Diamond
Diamonds are calculated by its four Cs Colour, Cut, Carat and Clarity.
Color: Colorless diamonds are the most attractive since they allow the most refraction of light. Diamonds also come in a wide range of other colours such as red, blue, green and bright yellow. These are marked as Z+ and are known as fancy diamonds. Diamond starts its colour with the alphabet ‘D’.
Cut: Cut is most likely significant and demanding of the four Cs to understand. The brightness of a diamond depends a lot on its cut. The most accepted cut for a diamond is the round brilliant cut.
Carat: Is the unit of weight for the diamond. A carat is further subdivided in 100 points (0.01 cart = 1 point). One carat is equal to 0.20 grams. Value per carat increases with carat size, because larger rough diamonds occur less regularly, In other words, 2 half-carat diamonds taken together will not cost as much as 1 one-carat diamond, as the one-carat stone is more rare.
Clarity: Diamond’s clarity is the most important aspect. If a person is planning to buy diamond jewellery, he/she should look for the grade given for the diamond clarity. The two aspects for looking clarity are blemishes and inclusions. It is very familiar for diamonds to be formed with little imperfections. These are known as ‘inclusions’. A diamond’s clarity ranking is strong-minded by the number, size, type and placement of the inclusions.